THE INFLUENCE OF ACCESSIBILITY TO SCHOOL ON THE TRIP LENGTH OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SURABAYA CITY
An elementary school facility should be located in the center of a neighborhood unit and be reached in a distance range of 400 – 800 meters or in a walkable distance. In fact, the average length of school children’s trip in Surabaya is about 1,585 meters. The trip length that exceeds walkable distance causes the parents to have to drive their children to school by motorized vehicle. Meanwhile, the distance from children’s home to the closest school is only at the average of 565 meters. It means that the students actually can reach an elementary school at the distance less than 800 meters and the school’s location is fully accessible. By using analysis of bivariate correlation, there is no significant correlation between the length of school children’s trip and the distance to nearby school. This indicates that the increasing level of school accessibility has no significant influence in reducing the trip length. Therefore, a clustering policy to reduce the length of children’s trip will be necessary.